Terminalia Arjuna is a evergreen ,tall tree with light yellow flowers and cone shaped leaves belongs to the family of combretaceae .It is one of the sacred tree of India .It acquired social and religious sancity with passage of time.It is a common tree found in throughout India and mainly grown in national parks ,banks of the rivers and streams.It is commonly known as Arjuna tree in english ,thella maddi in telugu ,arjuna in marathi and hindi ,maruthamaram in tamil .The bark extract of the arjuna is used in the Indian system of alternative medicines like ayurveda , herbal medicines ,folk medicines and homeopathic system of medicines for curing many diseases . Traditionally it was used as medicine for many ailments .In sanskrit the word arjuna means bright .
Many research studies found that terminalia arjuna bark contains triterpene ,glycosides ,termiarjunaside ,arjuetoside with oleanolic acids ,arjunolic and arjunic acids ,cardenolide ,large quantities of antioxidants ,flavonoids ,lannins minerals like calcium and magnesium .
– Arjuna has an antioxidant property this is helpful for treating angina pains and cardiovascular problems .
– It improves cardiac muscle function ,protects heart tissues from damage , myocardial changes induced by chronic beta adrenoceptor stimulation mitral valve regurgitation and pumping action of the heart .
– Arjuna has a mild diuretic and blood thinning property ,it enhances the blood lipids lowering activity and maintain healthy blood cholesterol levels .
– Inhibits the growth of cancer cells especially in the breast .
– Protects against DNA damage from toxins .
-Due to anti ulcer effects of arjuna prevents the damage of gastric mucosa in the stomach .
– It has an antibacterial activity against staphylococcus epidermis.
– Bark extract of Arjuna is used in many diseases like vertigo ,dryness in mouth ,hearing impaired ,violent heart palptations ,pain in left chest ,radiating pain in left arm .insomnia ,numbness in extremities ,hypertension ,scanty and yellow urination ,edema in legs ,numbness in hands ,leg pain .excessive gas formation in empty stomach ,headaches ,rheumatic pains ,piles ,cough with chest pain anorexia ,ecchymosis under eyes .The juice of this leaves are used for earache and dysentery .This wood is used in making boats ,agricultural implements ,house building etc .