It is one of the annual medicinal plant commonly found in India .It is a thorny creeper spreading on the ground ,flower is in purple color as that of brinjal and berries turns yellow when they matured .The whole plant has been used for medicinal purposes .Solanum xanthocarpum belongs to the family of Solanaceae .This plant is known in different languages like Tamil and Malayalam kandankathiri ,kateli in Hindi ,pinnamulaka in Telugu .
It is the most valuable herb for traditional healers in treatment over 100 common diseases alone or in combination with local and exotic herbs .This plant is used in Ayurveda the Indian system of alternative medicines for curing many diseases like bleeding piles ,asthma , pains , thirst ,urinary diseases and heart diseases ..According to ayurvedic medicines it is a bitter ,appetizer ,laxative ,anthelmintic and stomachic .
This herb contains alkaloids ,sterols ,saponins ,glycosides ,fatty acids ,amino acids etc .Apigen flavonoid ,oleic acid ,lineoleic acid ,lupeol ,lysine ,solanine ,solamargine are isolated from this plant .This herb is having anti viral ,anti bacterial ,anti fungal ,anti cancer ,anti inflammatory ,anti glycemic ,anti fertility ,anti allergic ,anti oxidant ,wormicidal ,anti rheumatic activities . It is non toxic and safe for human use and is regarded as a valuable plant in both ayurveda and modern drug development areas for its versatile medicinal uses .
It is used to cure asthma ,bronchitis ,cold ,cough ,throat infections ,fever ,skin allergies ,arthritis ,headaches ,worms ,enlargement of liver ,muscular pain ,spleen enlargement ,stone in urinary bladder ,migraine .
Dry powder of this plant is mix with honey for curing above said diseases .It is available in herbal stores .In ayurveda it is available in the form of legiyam in ayurvedic medical shops .