Pergularia daemia is a perennial twinning herb grows widely hedges and along the roadsides of India and also tropical and sub tropical regions .It is commonly known as Trellis -vine .It is one the well known medicinal plant in India especially in Tamil Nadu .
In other languages it called uthamani , velip paruththi in Tamil ,utran in Hindi ,trellis in English and uttravarunl in Sanskirt .It is belongs to the family of apocynaceae .
Foul smelling when bruised .stems bear milky juice and covered with longer stiff erect hairs .Leaves are thin broadly ovate and heart shaped ,covered with soft hairs .greenish yellow or dull white ,sweet scented flowers born in axillary ,double white corona at the base of a stamina column .
Fruits are paired with follicles covered with soft spinous outgrowth and release many seeds with long white hairs when they split open. Seeds are densely velvety on both sides .The whole plant possess high medicinal value and it is used in Indian traditional medicines like herbal medicines ,natural medicines and Ayurvedic system of medicines for treating various aliments for human beings like jaundice ,deworming ,laxative ,expectorant ,menstrual problems ,infantile diarrhea ,cold ,fever ,asthma ,bronchitis , tetanus ,leprosy ,chest pain ,hemorrhoids ,Rheumatic pain ,muscular pain ,venereal diseases ,alopecia , liver disease ,kidney disease ,snake bite ,malaria fever ,gastric ulcer ,etc .
Phytochemicals are bitter glucosides ,alpha – amyrin ,alpha – amyrin acetatse ,beta sterol , terpenoids ,flavonoids .sterols ,cardenolides ,alkoloids ,saponins , are the chemicals isolated from either leaves .roots .stem and fruits .
.It has multiple pharmacalogical activities ,such as anti inflammatory ,hepato protective .anti cancer ,anti diabetic ,anti oxidant ,anti bacterial ,anti fungal ,anti infertility ,analgesic ,antihelmintic ,laxative ,antipyretic ,anti diarrhoeal ,expectorant and emetic .
We used to cook the raw fruits of this plant as a green vegetable after removing the seeds . Take 2 to 3 grams of leaves powder or 5 to 10 ml of fresh leaf juice is mix with honey for 7 to 10 days will help to cure cold ,cough .flu .asthma .bronchitis ,allergic rhinitis etc .Leaf powder will be available in herbal stores .